Review Article

Multifarious Uses of Castor (Ricinus communis L.)

A. V. Ramanjaneyulu, G. Anudradha, M. Venkata Ramana, A. Vishnu Vardhan Reddy and N. Madana Gopal

  • Page No:  170 - 176
  • Published online: 28 Nov 2017

  • Abstract
  •  avr_agron@rediffmail.com

Castor (Ricinus communis L.) bean plant has diversified uses as various parts of it can be used in agriculture, industry, medical, and ornamental fields. It is an ideal candidate for production of high value, industrial and oil feed stocks, which was due to high oil (48−52%) and recinoleic acid (85-90%) contents. Its’ unique fatty acid composition allows oil to provide economically competitive feed stocks needed for production of premium quality biodiesel, short chain aviation fuels, fuel lubrication additives and high value biopolymers. Further, various parts of castor plant and oil are used against eye infection, liver disorders and sexually transmitted diseases. Castor cake finds application in Agricultural fields as a nutrient source. Its’ leaf can be used for feeding eri silk worms in ericulture. An attempt was made to document innumerable uses of castor across various sectors as it was not done earlier. The articles discusses future of this crop in the light of increasing demand for ricin free castor besides expanding area and need for enhancing productivity.

Keywords :   Biofuel, castor, diversified uses

People also read

Full Research

Lecithins: A Food Additive Valuable for Antifungal Crop Protection

M. Jolly, R. Vidal and P. A. Marchand

Lecithins, fungicide, biopesticide, downy mildew, powdery mildew

Published Online : 28 Aug 2018

Full Research

Assessment of Fruit Drop in Different Cultivars of Litchi

Narayan Lal, Abhay Kumar, E. S. Marboh, Vishal Nath and S. D. Pandey

Improper pollination and fertilization, embryo abortion, seed and fruit borer, abscission

Published Online : 28 Nov 2021

Full Research

Economic Performance of Crop based Intervention under Farmer FIRST Programme of National Dairy Research Institute (NDRI), Karnal

Parashuram Kambale and Gopal Sankhala

Farmer, FIRST, intervention, integrated, management, benefit-cost ratio

Published Online : 28 Nov 2021

Review Article

Status of Bamboo in India

Salil Tewari, Harshita Negi and R. Kaushal

Area, bamboo, cultivation, diversity, India, species

Published Online : 28 Feb 2019