• Reference :1

    Andrewartha, G.H., Birch, L.C., 1954. The distribution and abundance of animals. University of Chicago Press, Chicago, 782.

    Baker, A.C., 1922. Feeding punctures of insects. Journal of Economic Entomology 15, 312.

    Birch, L.C., 1948. The intrinsic rate of natural increase in an insect population. Journal of Animal Ecology 17, 15−26.

    Burnett, T., 1949.The effect of temperature on an insect host-parasite population. Ecology 30, 113–134.

    Bursell, E., 1964. Environmental aspects: temperature. In: the physiology of insects. Vol. I. (Rockstein, M. ed.). Academic Press, 281−361.

    Byme, D.N., Bellows, T.S., Parrella, M.P., 1990. Whiteflies in agricultural systems. Ingerling, D. (Ed.), Whiteflies: their bionomics,pest status and management. Intercept. Andover, UK , 227–261.

    Calvitti, M.,Buttarazzi, M., 1995. Determination of biological and demographic parameters of Trialeurodes vaporariorum Westwood on two host plant species Zucchini (Cucurbita pepo) and Tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum). Redia 78, 29–37.

    David, B.Y., 1971. Studies on South Indian Aleyrodidae.Doctoral Thesis, Tamil Nadu Agricultural University. Coimbatore.

    Garman, H., Jewett, H.H., 1922. The whiteflies of hot-houses. Kentucky Agriculture Experimental Station Bulletin, 76–111.

    Johnson, M.W., Caprio, L.C., Coughli, J.A., Rosenheim, J.A., Welter S.C., 1992. Effect of Trialeurodes vaporariorum (Homoptera: Aleyrodidae) on yield of French market tomatoes. Journal of Economic Entomology 85, 2370–2376.

    Liu, T.X., Oetting, R.D., Buntin, G.D., 1993. Population dynamics and distribution of Trialeurodes vaporariorum and Bemisia tabaci (Homoptera: Aleyrodidae) on poinsettia following applications of three chemical insecticides. Journal of Entomological Science 28, 126–135.

    Lohr, B., 2006. High value crops research and development: the ICIPE experience. International Centre of Insect Physiology and Ecology, Nairobi, Kenya.

    Macfadyan, A., 1963. Animal Ecology: aims and methods. Pitman and Sons London, 344. 

    Messanger, P.S., 1964. Use of life tables in bioclimatic study of an experimental aphid, braconid wasp host parasite system. Ecology 45, 119−131. 

    Omar, A.D., Leigh, T.F., Granett, J., 1992. Insecticide resistance in populations of greenhouse whitefly (Homoptera: Aleyrodidae) in the San Joaquin valley (California) cotton system. Journal of Economic Entomology 85, 21−27.

    Peric, P., 1994. Relationship of Trialeurodes vaporariorum Westwood and parasitoid Encarsia formosa Gahan (Hym: Aphelinidae). Zashchita Rostenii 49, 215−220.

    Phadke, K.G., 1982. Life table and growth rate studies on Lipaphis erysimi in relation to Brassica varieties. Indian Journal of Entomology 44, 136−144. 

    Quaintance, A.L., 1900. Contributions toward a monograph of the American Aleurodidae.Bulletin of the UnitedStates Department of Agriculture Entomology Technician 8, 9−43.

    Rodriguez, I., Cardona, C., Morales, H., Bueno, J.M., 2005. El biotipo B de Bemisia tabaci (Gennadius) (Homoptera: Aleyrodidae) adquiere mayor importancia en el Valle del Cauca. The Revista Colombiana de Entomologia 31, 21−28.

    Saxena, M., Bhatacharya, S., Malhotra, S.K., 2015. Horticulture Statistics at a Glance, Oxford University Press, New Delhi.

    Southwood, T.R.E., 1978. Ecological methods with particular reference to the study of insect populations, 2nd ed. London: Chapman and Hall.

    Tosh, C.R., Brogan, B., 2015. Control of tomato whiteflies using the confusion effect of plant odours. Agronomy for Sustainable Development  35, 183–193.

    Van Lenteren, J.C., Martin, N.A., 2000.Biological control of whiteflies.In :Albajes, R., Gullino, M., Van Lenteren, J.C., Elad, Y. (Eds), Integrated pest and disease management in greenhousecrops. Dordrecht, Kluwer Publishers, 202−214.

    Verma, A.K., Ghatak, S.S., Mukhopadhyay, S., 1990. Effect of temperature on development of whitefly (Bemisia tabaci) (Homoptera: Aleyrodidae) in West Bengal. Indian Journal of Agricultural Sciences 60, 322−326.

    Wan, F., Zhang, G., Liu, S., Luo, C., Chu, D., Zhang, Y., Zang, L., Jiu, M., La, Z., Cui, X., Zhang, L., Zhang, F., Zhang, Q., Liu, W., Liang, P., Lei, Z., Zhang, Y., 2009. Invasive mechanism and management strategy of Bemisia tabaci (Gennadius) biotype B: Progress report of 973 Program on invasive alien species in China. Science in China Series C-Life Sciences 52, 88−95.

    Westwood, J.O., 1856. A new Aleyrodes of the greenhouse.Gardeners Chronicle, 852.

    Wisler, G.C., Duffus, J.E., 2001. Transmission properties of whitefly-borne Criniviruses and their impact on virus epidemiology. In: Virus-Insect-Plant Interactions. Academic Press, 293−308.

    Wisler, G.C., Li, R.H., Liu, H.Y., Lowry, D.S., Duffus, J.E., 1998. Tomato chlorosis virus: a new whitefly-transmitted, phloem-limited, bipartite closterovirus of tomato. Phytopathology 88, 402–409.

    Yamada, H., Koshihara, T., Tanaka, K., 1979. Population growth of the greenhouse whitefly Trialeurodes vaporariorum on greenhouse cucumber. Bulletin of Vegetable and Ornamental Crops Research Station, Japan 5, 191−199. 

    Yano, E., 1988. The population dynamics of the greenhouse whitefly (Trialeurodes vaporariorum) and the parasitoid Encarsia formosa Gahan. Bulletin of the National Research Institute of Vegetables, Ornamental Plants and Tea, Japan, 143−200. 

    Yano, E., 1989. Factors affecting population growth of the Trialeurodes (Hemiptera: Aleyrodidae). Japanese Journal of Applied Entomology and Zoology 33, 122−127.

People also read

Review Article

Rheum australe: an Endangered High-Value Medicinal Herb of North Western Himalayas

Ravi Bhardwaj and Meenu Sood

Endangered, medicinal herb, phytochemicals

Published Online : 29 Mar 2022