• Reference :1

    Abohatem, M., Zouine, J., Harami, I.E., 2011. Low concentration of BAP and high rate of subcultures improve the establishment and multiplication of somatic embryos in date palm suspension cultures by limiting oxidative browning association with high levels of totalphenols and peroxidase activities. Scientia Horticulturae 130, 344–348.

    Alizadeh, A., Alizade, V., Nassery, L., Eivazi, A., 2011. Effect of drought stress on apple dwarf rootstocks. Technical Journal of Engineering and Applied Sciences 3, 86–94.

    Alleweldt, C., Ruhl, E., 1982. Untersuchungen Zum Gaswechsel der Rebe. Vitis.  Acta Horticulturae171, 305–314.

    Anuradha, S., Rao, S.S.R., 2001. Application of brassinosteroids to rice seeds (Oryza sativa) reduced the impact of salt stress on growth, prevented photosynthetic pigment loss and increased nitrate reductase activity. Plant Growth Regulators 40, 29–32.

    Ashraf, M., Akram, A.N., Arteca, R.N., Foolad, M.R., 2010. The physiological, biochemical and molecular roles of brassinosteroids and salicylic acid in plant processes and salt tolerance. Critical Reviews in Plant Sciences 29, 162–190.

    Bajguz, A., Hayat, S., 2009. Effects of brassinosteroids on the plant responses to environmental stresses. Plant Physiology and Biochemistry 47, 1–8.

    Balaguer, L., Pugnaire, F.I., Martinez, F.E., Armas, C., Valladares, F., Manrique, E., 2002. Ecophysiological significance of chlorophyll loss and reduced photochemical efficiency under extreme aridity in Stipa tenacissima L. Plant Soil 240, 343–352.

    Bhardwaj, K., 2010. Influence of rootstocks and pbr’s on growth and physiology of apple under different soil moisture regimes. Thesis. Dr. Y.S. Parmar University of Horticulture & Forestry, Nauni-173230, Solan (H.P.)

    Bhardwaj, R., Arora, N., Sharma, P., Arora, H.K., Thukral A.K., 2010. Stress protective properties of brassinosteroid in plants. Department of Botanical and Environmental Sciences, Guru Nanak Dev University, Amritsar, India. 1–23.

    Boyer, J.S., 1976. Water deficits and photosynthesis. In: Kozlowski T T (editor). Water deficits and plant growth Vol. IV, Acad. Press, New York, 153–190.

    Chandel, J.S., Chauhan, J.S., 1990. Effect of rootstocks and soil moisture stress on growth and vigour of apple (Malus domestica Borkh.) cv. Starking Delicious. Punjab Horticultural Journal 30, 162–170.

    Davies, F.S., Lakso, A.N., 1979. Water relations in apple. Changes in water potential deficits and plant growth. Acad. Press, New York, 153–190.

    Fariduddin, Q., Khripach, S., Hasan, S.A., Ali, B., Hayat, S., Ahmad, A., 2009. Effect of 28- homobrassinolide on the drought stress-induced changes in photosynthesis and antioxidant system of Brassica juncea L. Acta Physiol. Plant 31, 889–897.

    Farooq, M., Wahid, A., Basra, S.M.A., Din, I.U., 2009. Improving the water relations and gas exchange with brassinosteroids in rice under drought stress. Journal of Agronomy and Crop Science 195, 262–269.

    Helyes, L., Pek, Z., McMichel, B., 2006. Relationship between the stress degree-day index and biomass production and effect and timing of irrigation in snapbean (Phaseolus vulgaris). Acta Botanica Hungarica48, 3–4.

    Jie, Y.Y., John, G., Streeter, Ferree, D.C., 2010. Influence of soil drought stress on photosynthesis, carbohydrates and the nitrogen and phosphorus absorb in different section of leaves and stem of Fugi/M.9EML, a young apple seedling. African Journal of Biotechnology 9, 5320–5325.

    Lee, Y.P., Takashasi, T., 1966. An improved colorimetric determination of amino acids with the use of Ninhydrin.Analytical Biochem 14, 71–77.

    Mccue, K.F., Hanson, A.D., 1990. Drought and salt tolerance: Towards understanding and application. Tibtech -December 8, 358–362.

    Misger, F.A., Kumar, A., 2008. Effect of soil moisture regimes on plant growth, water relations and yield of Red Delicious/M9 Apple trees. The Horticultural Journal21, 53–56.

    Misra, A.N., Misra, M., Singh, R., 2012. Chlorophyll fluorescence in plant biology.   Biophysics. (Ed. Misra, A.N.) ISBN 979-953-307-290-5.

    Mittler, R., 2002. Oxidative Stress Antioxidants and Stress Tolerance. Trends in Plant Science 7, 405–410.

    Mousa, H.R., Abdel-Aziz, S.M., 2008. Comparative response of drought tolerant and drought sensitive maize genotypes to water stress. Australian Journal Crop Sciences 1, 31–36.

    Murakeozy, E.P., Nagy, Z., Duhaze, Couchereau, A.Z., 2003. Seasonal changes in the levels of compatible osmolytes in three halophtytic species of inland saline vegetation in Hungary. Journal of plant physiology 160, 395–401.

    Nath, R., 1993. Modern Plant Physiology. Kalyani Publishers, New Delhi, 605.

    Nelson, N., 1944. A photometric adaptation of the somogyi: method for determination of glucose. Journal of Biological Chemistry 153, 375–380

    Osmond, C.B., Grace, S.C., 1995. Perspective on photo inhibition and photo respiration in field: quintessential inefficiencies of light and dark reaction of photosynthesis.  J Exp Bot 46, 1351–1362.

    Pinheiro, C., Passarinho, J.A., Ricardo, C.P., 2004. Effect of drought and rewatering on the metabolism of Lupinus albus organs. Journal of plant physiology 161, 1203–1210.

    Raggi, M.V., 1994. Changes in free amino acids and osmotic adjustment in leaves of water stressed beans. Plant Sciences 167, 427–437.

    Rai, S.P., Luthra, R., Kumar, S., 2003. Salt tolerant mutants in glycophytic salinity response (GRS) genes in Catharanthus roseus. Theor. Appl. Genet 106, 221–230.

    Sauter, A., Dietz, K.J., Hartung, W., 2002. A possible tress physiological role of abscisic acid conjugates in root-to-shoot signaling. Plant Cell Environ 25, 223–228.

    Sharma, M.K., 1998. Effect of rootstocks, soil moisture levels and PBR’s on growth, physiology and water relations of almond plants. Ph.D. Thesis, Dr YS Parmar University of Horticulture and Forestry, Nauni, Solan.

    Singh, T.N., Aspinall, D., Paleg, L.G., Boggess, S.F., 1972. Proline accumulation and varietal adaptation to drought in barley, a potential metabolic measure of drought resistance. Nature New Biology 236, 188–190.

    Singh, N., Sharma, D.P., Chand, H., 2016. Impact of climate change on apple production in India: A review. Current World Environment 11, 251–259.

    Sofo, A., Scopa, A., Nuzzaci, M., Vitti, A., 2015. Ascorbate peroxidase and catalase activities and their genetic regulation in plants subjected to drought and salinity stresses. International Journal of Molecular Sciences 16, 13561–13578.

    Taiz, L., Zeiger, E., 1998. Plant Physiology. Second edition, Sinauer Associates, treatments under the stress of the 1998 drought. Research Circular-ohio-Agricultural University of Horticulture and Forestry, Nauni, Solan.

    Watanabe, S., Kojima, K., Ide, Y., Satohiko, S., 2000. Effects of saline and osmotic stress on proline and sugar accumulation in Populus euphratica in vitro. Plant Cell Tiss. Org. 63, 199–206.

    Yanbao, L., Chunying, Y., Chunyang, L., 2006. Differences in some morphological, physiological, and biochemical responses to drought stress in two contrasting populations of Populus przewalskii. Physiologia Plantarum 127, 182–191.

    Yoshiba, Y., Kiyosue, T., Katagiri, T., Ueda, H., Mizoguchi, T., Yamaguchi, K., Shinozaki, Wada, K., Harada, Y., Yuling, J., Hongqiang, Y., Haizhou, Z., Wei Zhang, D., 2006. Promotion of proline accumulation in apple leaves by bioregulators. Acta Horticulturae, 774.

    Yuan, G.F., Jia, C.G., Li, Z., Sun, B., Zhang, L.P., Liu, N., Wang, Q.M., 2010. Effect of brassinosteroid on drought resistance and abscisic acid concentration in tomato under water stress. Scientia Horticulturae126, 103–108.

    Zullo, M.A.T., Adam, G., 2002. Brassinosteroids phytohormones structure bioactivity and applications. Brazil Journal of Plant Physiology 14, 143–181.

People also read

Review Article

Rheum australe: an Endangered High-Value Medicinal Herb of North Western Himalayas

Ravi Bhardwaj and Meenu Sood

Endangered, medicinal herb, phytochemicals

Published Online : 29 Mar 2022