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Effect of Dietary Lead Exposure on Hematological Parameters and Their Alleviation by Antioxidants in Broilers

Ritesh Jaiswal, S. L. Ali, S. Roy, O. P. Dinani and Sudhir Kumar Jaiswal

  • Page No:  110 - 115
  • Published online: 07 Feb 2017
  • DOI : HTTPS://DOI.ORG/10.23910/IJBSM/2017.8.1.1778

  • Abstract
  •  sjsudhirjaiswal009@gmail.com

A total number of 126 day old broiler chicks were randomly assigned into 6 treatments groups A, B, C, D, E and F. The birds of group A were kept as control, while group B received lead acetate @ 200 mg kg-1 alone, whereas, birds of group C, D, E and F received Lead acetate @ 200 mg kg-1+Ascorbic acid @ 200 mg kg-1, lead acetate @ 200 mg kg-1 along with α-tocopherol @ 100 mg kg-1+Selenium @ 0.1 mg kg-1, Lead acetate @ 200 mg kg-1+DL-methionine @ 100 mg kg-1 and Lead acetate @ 200 mg kg-1+methanolic extract of Cissus quadrangularis (CQE) @ 400 mg kg-1 respectively. In group-B TEC, hemoglobin and MCV declined significantly (p<0.05) as compared to control on day 21. At day 42 significant (p<0.05) decrease in Hb, PCV and MCV was recorded in lead treated group. Treatment with Vit-E and Se (group-D) was found effective in restoration of TEC and Hb. Evaluation of leucocyte parameters revealed no significant (p<0.05) difference in total and differential leucocytic count on day 21 and 42. However, significant (p<0.05) increase in lymphocyte count was recorded in lead exposed group as compared to other groups. Vit-E @ 100 mg kg-1 and Se @ 0.1 mg kg-1 having highest efficacy against lead intoxication followed by Vitamin-C @ 200 mg kg-1, DL-methionine @ 100 mg kg-1 and methanolic extract of CQE @ 400 mg kg-1 to alleviate lead toxicosis upto the level of 200 mg kg-1 in broiler diet.

Keywords :   Lead, hematological parameters, antioxidants, broilers, Cissus quadrangularis


Cite

1.
Jaiswal R, Ali SL, Roy S, Dinani OP, Jaiswal SK. Effect of Dietary Lead Exposure on Hematological Parameters and Their Alleviation by Antioxidants in Broilers IJBSM [Internet]. 07Feb.2017[cited 8Feb.2022];8(1):110-115. Available from: http://www.pphouse.org/ijbsm-article-details.php?article=906

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