Livestock Development in Meghalaya: Biodiversity, Threat and Conservation

M. H. Khan, Suresh Kumar, R. Basumatary, P. K. Bharti, G. Kadirvel and Champak Barman

  • Page No:  122 - 127
  • Published online: 07 Mar 2012

  • Abstract

Meghalaya is very rich in animal fauna having a substantial number of livestock that includes cattle, buffalo, sheep, goat, pig and poultry. Along with crop production, farmers depend on livestock for their livelihood. The tribal populations of the state are non-vegetarian. Meat from pig, cattle, goat, sheep and poultry birds is mostly be­ing consumed and there is no taboo for consumption of meat. In spite of having huge livestock and fish biodiversity, the region is not self sufficient in terms of livestock production. Meghalaya is highly deficient in all the livestock products like milk, meat, egg, etc. This may be attributed to the low productivity of the livestock and also due to the fact that the farmers have not taken up large-scale livestock farming as entre­preneur. There is a huge gap between demand and production of livestock particularly cattle, pig and poultry in the region. It is being imported worth thousand millions of rupees from neighboring states like Assam, Bihar, West Bengal and Andhra Pradesh to meet out the demand of meat and meat products. It is, therefore the need of the hour to understand the strength of faunal biodiversity of the region, the factors which are harmful for the biodiversity and measures to be taken to conserve it.

Keywords :   Meghalaya, biodiversity, conservation, livestock


Khan MH, Kumar S, Basumatary R, Bharti PK, Kadirvel G, Barman C. Livestock Development in Meghalaya: Biodiversity, Threat and Conservation IJBSM [Internet]. 07Mar.2012[cited 8Feb.2022];3(1):122-127. Available from:

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