• Reference :1

    Ajanta, B., Tanwar, R.K., Kumar, A., Singh, S.P., Kumar, R., Kanwar, V., 2019. Evaluation of pest management practices against sucking pests of Bt cotton. Indian Journal of Agricultural Sciences89(1), 124−129.

    Amin, A.A., Gergis, M.F., 2021. Integrated pest management approaches strategies for controlling certain cotton key pests in middle Egypt. Agronomy Research 4, 121−128.

    Anonymous, 2020. Directorate of economics and statistics, department of agriculture, cooperation and farmers Welfare, Ministry of Agriculture and Farmers Welfare, Govt of India. pp. 1-6. Available from: http://eands.dacnet.nic.in Accessed on 23th November 2021.

    Dhaliwal, G.S., Vikas, J., Dhawan, A.K., 2010. Insect pest problems and crop losses: changing trends. Indian Journal of Entomology37(1), 1−7.

    Gaur, T.B., Ramesh Babu, T., Sriramulu, M., Reddy, D.D.R., Chandrasekhar Rao, K., Reddy, P.N., 1999. Cotton insect pests, diseases, Nutritional Disorders, Book Publication,  ANGRAU, Hyderabad.

    Ghosh, S.K., 2001. G.M. Crops: Rationally irresistible. Current Science 81(6), 655-660.

    Hargreaves, H., 1948. List of recorded cotton insects of the world. Commonwealth Institute of Entomology, London, 41(4), 50.

    Kiranmai, M.L., Babu, T.R., Rao, C.S., Sriramulu, M., Sultan, M.A., 2002.  Efficacy of Monocrotophos stems application against insect pests of okra. International Pest control 44(3), 132-136.

    Kumar, C.M., Regupathy, A., 2006. Stem application of neonicotinoides to suppress Coccus viridis (Green) population in coffee. Annals of Plant Protection Sciences 14(1), 73-75.

    Naik, V.C.B., Subbireddy, K.B., Sandhya, K., Nagrare, V.S., Sujit, K., Nandini, G.N., Waghmare, V.N., 2021. Pink bollworm, Pectinophora gossypiella (Saunders) (Lepidoptera: Gelechiidae) survival on transgenic cotton in India. Egyptian Journal of Biological Pest Control 31(40), 1-7.

    Patel, M.M., Arvind Kumar, J., Khadda, B.S., Patil, L.M., 2013. Frontline demonstration: an effective communication approach for dissemination of sustainable cotton production technology. Indian Journal of Extension Education and Research Development 21, 60-62.

    Puri, S.N., Murthy, K.S., Sharma, O.P., 1999. Integrated pest management for sustainable cotton production. In: Sundaram, V. (Ed.), Handbook of cotton. Indian Society of Cotton Improvement, CIRCOT, Mumbai, 233–245.

    Ramarao, B., Rao, N.H.P., Rao, R., 1998. Stem application a new technique for controlling sucking pests. Journal Cotton Research and Development12(1), 127–129.

    Ravi, K.K., Hemanthakumar, J., Srinivas, D., Raghurami Reddy, P., 2019. Rolling stem applicator - an eco-friendly, low cost, input saving and drudgery reducing tool for managing sucking cotton. Journal of Krishi Vigyan 7(2), 217-221.

    Raghava, N.V., Punnarao, P., 2013. Impact of frontline demonstrations on groundnut production technology in Guntur District of Andhra Pradesh. Agriculture Update 8(1–2), 283–290.

    Roopsingh, M., Kumar, P., Bharat, L.M., Bhagwan Singh, M., 2021. Management of pink bollworm, Pectinophora gossypiella (Saunders) using mating disruption pheromone (PB Rope L) in cotton. Acta Scientific Agriculture 5(3), 24-31.

    Santhosh, B.M., Patil, S.B., Udikeri, S.S., Awaknavar, J.S., Katageri, I.S., 2009. Impact of Bt cotton on pink bollworm, Pectinophora gossypiella (Saunders) Infestation. Karnataka Journal of Agricultural Sciences 22(2), 322–326.

    Samui, S.K., Maitra, S., Roy, D.K, Mondal, A.K., Saha, D., 2000. Evaluation of frontline demonstration on groundnut (Arachis hypogea L.). Journal of Indian Society Coastal Agricultural Research 18, 180–183.

    Sharma, R.K., Bhati, D.S., Sharma, S.K., 2017. Impact of frontline demonstrations on rapeseed mustard growers. Journal of Progressive Agriculture 8(1), 115-118.

    Sharma, H.C., Pampathy, G., 2006. Influence of transgenic cotton on the relative abundance of damage of by target and non target insect pests under different protection regimes in India. Crop Protection 25(1),800–813.

    Shivan, R.K., Singh, U., Kishor, N., Bhagwat, S.K., Richa, P., Keshav, M., 2020. Gap analysis and economic viability of frontline demonstrations in Indian mustard (Brassica juncea L.) under hyper arid partial irrigated zone of Rajasthan. International Journal of Bio-resource and Stress Management 11(4), 353–360.

    Singh, D.K., Gautam, U.S., Singh, R.K., 2007. Study on yield gap and level of demonstrated crop production technology in sagar district. Indian Research Journal of Extension Education7(2&3), 94–95.

    Srinivasarao, C., Veeraiah, R., Rammohan, S., Dixit, S., Sanjeevareddy, B., Rao, K.V., Ramana, D.B.V., Nagasree, K., Dastagiri, S., Kundu, S., Vijay S.J., Anuradha, B., Venkateswarlu, B., 2013. Livelihood improvement in tribal rainfed region: experiences from participatory on-farm interventions in Nalgonda District, Andhra Pradesh.  ISBN No: 978-93-80883-21-2, Central Research Institute for Dry land Agriculture, Hyderabad, Andhra Pradesh, 142.

    Tukaram, A.N., Latpate, C.B., Zanwar, P.R., 2017. Estimation of yield losses due to sucking pests of Bt-cotton under high density planting system.Agriculture Update 12(1), 109–113.

    Undhad, S.V., Sharma, P.S., Prajapati, V.S., 2018. Impact of frontline demonstrations on integrated approaches against the management of pink bollworm in Bt-Cotton. Gujarat Journal of Extension Education 29(2), 184–186.

    Venkanna, Y., Bhaskar Rao, B., Sreenivas, A., 2019. Stem application technology with modified tools for management of sucking pests in cotton (Gossypium herbaceum L.). Journal of Krishi Vigyan 8(1), 264–268.