Landscape, Its concepts and Applications

Ratikanta Maiti,  Nabil S. Agha, Ch. Aruna Kumari 

  • Published online: 07 Jun 2017

  • Abstract

Plants constituting vegetation cover on earth surface are very important for our livelihood. They supply food, fruits, timber, honey and our daily necessities and supply oxygen for our respiration and capture carbon dioxide used in photosynthesis,  in addition they are important sources of forage for grazing animals in the forest. There is an earnest necessity to conserve, protect these valuable natural resources the gifts of mother earth. In a forest, trees and shrubs of various species grow together in  harmony and share solar radiation absorbed by chlorophyll present in leaves for the production of photosynthates and conservation of carbon in biomass and timbers. In a forest woody plants grow at different heights with variation of tree crowns and leaf canopy, thereby form wavy architectural pattern and landscape in their natural habitat.

Under natural  habitat, landscape is a typical architectural pattern of trees in a forest and a particular woody species with its typical crown tops,   branching pattern and leaf canopy cover acting as solar panel in the capture of solar energy. Tree tops and canopy architecture vary in shape, size and canopy cover in a forest ecosystem. These typical architectural patterns represents symbols of variousphysical and physiological  functions (photosynthesis, transpiration, respiration etc. in each species and in combinations……..